Most people think of a shark as a big violent predator with very sharp teeth ranging the sea in search of food. But in fact, there are over 400 different species of sharks.
Did you know that sharks are some of the most amazing and most misunderstood creatures on the planet? So, for you to understand them more, here is the list of smallest sharks ever lived in the world.
1. Dwarf Lanternshark
Did you know Dwarf Lantershanrk is perhaps the smallest of the seven known species of lantern shark? It measures 8.3 inches and belongs to the family of dogfish. These sharks were discovered around 1964 and can be seen only in the Caribbean Sea.
It resides on a depth of around thousands to 1500 feet close the coast of South America. Because of its small size, they are not the target of fishermen. But, they sometimes end up stuck in fishing nets as results of being accidentally captured.
2. Pale Catshark
The Pale Catshark is an endangered deepwater catshark. This small shark grows 21cm at maturity. The same with the Dwarf Lanternshark, this is a deep sea fish living at 655 m in the Makassar Straits in Indonesia.
Oftentimes, it looks likes a normal catshark because of its reddish-white color. Further, there has ever been single Pale Catshark that is caught, thus very few known about them apart that they are laying pairs of eggs.
3. Panama Ghost Catshark
Being the third smallest sharks on the list, the Panama Ghost Catshark is a small shark that grows 23 cm in length and is only see off the coast of Panama within the Pacific Ocean.
Apart from its oviparous reproduction and size, very few is known about this type of shark. Researchers believe it lives at 915 to 975m deep.
4. Atlantic Ghost Catshark
Also known as the Atlantic Catshark, this tiny shark is the next on the list, which reaches 25 cm in length. It resides in the Eastern Atlantic close the Portuguese island of Madeira.
The same with the Catsharks, researchers estimate that it is a deep water shark as well. It is brown in color and east small bait fish.
5. Green Lantern Shark
In case you didn’t know yet, the Green Lantern Shark is a species of dogfish shark, seen in the western central Atlantic Ocean. This shark normally occurs on the top continental slope below a depth of 1,150 feet.
Reaching 10 inches in length, the Green Lantern Shark has a very slender body along with thin, long tail and conical low dermal denticles on its flanks. These species are dark brown or gray along with ventral black coloration that has light-emitting photophores, which might serve a cryptic social function.
6. Pygmy Shark
This is considered to be the smallest sharks living in the sea today. It’s a cylindrical and tiny shark with big eyes, bulbous snout, and luminous organs underside of its body. The gills of this shark are very tiny and has low lateral keels on the caudal peduncle.
Further, it has a small flaglike dorsal fin that is ¼ of the length of their second dorsal fin. This small shark’s caudal fin is closely symmetrical and shaped like a paddle. At birth, this shark is 6 to 10 cm long. Males mature at 17 to 19 cm while the females mature at 22 to 23 cm. its maximum length is around 27cm.
7. African Lanternshark
The African Lanternshark is the next smallest sharks in the list. This species belongs to the Etmopteridae family found in the eastern Atlantic. Its length is around 30 cm in length in maturity.
Even though it’s a very typical bycatch, less is known about the behavior and biology of the American Lanternshark. Nevertheless, researchers estimate that it utilizes oviviarous reproduction – a mode of reproduction in animals by which embryos that develop in the eggs remain in the body of the mother until they’re ready to hatch.
8. Broadnose Catshark
The broad nose catshark belongs to the family Scyliorhinidae. This is the only specimen and holotype being discovered in deep water in the Indian Ocean and the Andaman Sea. This species of sharks have less information.
However, some researcher believes that its behaviors and physical traits are the same with the Ghost Shark. There’s one specimen, which has been discovered and it was an undeveloped species so it might grow bigger than the estimated size.
9. Spined Pygmy Shark
The Spined Pygmy Shark is the dogfish shark that belongs to the family Dalatiidae seen in most oceans. Growing no bigger than around 28cm, it’s one of the smallest sharks living today, along with its personal best beaten by the dwarf lantern shark.
Apart from that, this smallest shark has a cigar-shaped and slender body with a sizable conical snout but a low second dorsal fin, and nearly symmetrical caudal fin. Normally dwelling nutrient-rich waters over greater continental and insular slopes, this species eats small bony squids and fishes.
10. Granular Dogfish
The Granular dogfish was derived for its grainy skin texture and appearance. This shark reaches 27 cm in length and dwells in the Falkland Islands in the Atlantic Ocean. The Granular dogfish doesn’t have an anal fin.
It has two dorsal spines with the second one bigger than the first, a big second dorsal fin, a small pectoral, a long abdomen and pelvic fins, spiracles, prominent nostrils as well as brownish-black coloration. This has been caught at approximately 450m depth.
11. Smalleye Pygmy Shark
The Small Eye Pygmy Shark is a little-known species of sharks that belong to the family Dalatiidae, seen in water 460 to 6,560 feet deep near the Philippines, Australia, and Japan. It migrates vertically daily and spends the day in deep water in shallower water.
This is known as one of the smallest sharks in the world reaching only 8.7 inches. This shark has a spindle-shaped body, blackfish with relatively small eyes, a spine forgoing the first dorsal fin, but not the second.
12. Lollipop Catshark (Cephalurus cephalus)
This of shark belongs to the family of Scyliorhinidae, a family of deep-sea shark. These are known to live in the upper and bottom continental slopes and associated with different sizes.
If you would observe the sharks, they resemble a tadpole due to the expanded, round and narrow body they have. This kind of sharks have expanded gills that are thought to be by many as a product of hypoxic conditions.
The prey of the shark would be fishes and crustaceans. In the reproduction stage, the female lay two eggs at a time.
13. Longnose Pygmy Shark (Heteroscymnoides marleyi)
One of the smallest sharks you can find. The Pygmy Shark belongs to the genus Heteroscymnoides. If you think about this family, you would think about the 1dog fish family. The scientific name of the shark is associated with the dog family or the so-called Squalidae.
The body of the shark is small and dark brown. These have a dorsal fin and top fin but not have an anal fin. The dorsal fins are slightly lighter on the top fin. In observing this kind of sharks, you notice the crown-shape structure. This pertains to the fin.
14. Combtoot Lanternshark (Etmopterus decacuspidatus)
One of the smallest sharks in the world, This could be found in the area of the South China Sea between the coast of Viet Nam and the Hainan Island. The depth of the shark is between 510 and 690 m. the height of the shark falls to 29 cm.
15. Bristly Catshark (Halaelurus hispidus)
The Bristly Catshark is one of the great family of shark belonging to the family of Scyliorhinidae. A person would want to find and see this type of shark could go to the part of southwestern India and Andaman Islands to witness the excellent beauty and wonder of seeing the shark. It only measures 29 cm.
16. Ornate Dogfish (Centroscyllium ornatum)
If you would ask, what is the smallest shark? One would answer; it could be the ornate dogfish. This type of shark belongs to the genus Centroscylum. The family includes the dogfish fish sharks, the bramble sharks, and the rough sharks.
The ornate dogfish shark has two dorsal, fins and no anal part or the so-called unpaired bottom. The shark has a dorsal fin like most sharks. However, the dorsal fin and the spine are much larger than the rest of the fin found in the body of the shark.
A person would observe the sharks would have noticed the blackish color it has together with the no markings on the tail
17. Dwarf Sawtail Catshark (Galeus schultzi)
One of the few unique and one of smallest shark species you can find in the area of Luzon is the Philippines. The uniqueness it has is born due to the short body and the short snout. It has also short furrows on the corners of its jaws.
It has a darker saddle on the dorsal fin and two dark bands on the caudal fin. The denticles are located in caudal fin margin.
18. Peppered Catshark (Galeus piperatus)
One would think of this the smallest shark for sale. However, you are mistaken. Found in the inner depths of the Gulf of California, the shark could be found near or in the bottom of the ocean floor.
During the winter season, the peppered catshark conducts a seasonal migration to avoid the effects born by the winter climate. Hence, it goes deeper into the ocean.
The length of the shark runs to be about 37 cm (15 in). The dark dots it has is covered by the grayish body appears to add to a more attractive way in looking at the shark. On the part of the dorsal fin, you could find a large crest of its denticles.
19. Longfin Catshark (Apristurus herklotsi)
One of the smallest sharks you could find out there. Other observers have mistaken this kind of shark to be related to the roughtail catshark and the Antilles catshark. Finding this kind of shark would be an easy one. If you are passing the Caribbean coasts of the Panama and the Columbia, you would evidently find and witness the amazing activities of the shark.
The body of the shark is together with a marbled dorsal pattern. Like the smallest shark, it has a crest wherein you can see the deernal denticles. You could also observe the dorsal edge of the dorsal fin. The size of the fin is quite similar to the fins seen or can be found in other sharks. The adult length of the shark measures up to be35 cm. In addition, the shark is termed to be oviparous.
20. Quagga Catshark (Halaelurus quagga)
It might be considered as the smallest shark in the world by some, one could not fail to be amazed at the small and slim body this shark has. The length of the body reaches about 37 cm. The color is distinct, the pattern is narrow and the color of the vertical bars is similar to those of a quagga. If one would ask, what is the smallest shark?
The short head and flattened and pointed snout of the shark would resemble a small shark a person could find.
The history of this shark would provide you a little information. The only information it would provide you is it can be found in the southwestern India and eastern Somalia It forms its habitat from the continental waters in a large depth.
It is a known to be a predator of shrimps. In terms of the reproduction process, the female shark could lay eight eggs. These eggs are enclosed in a capsule marked with long tendrils.
These smallest shark species give a new light to the large variety of sharks. They could be found around the globe and can easily adapt to the environment they live in. it could be the ones you in smallest shark for sale or anything that would capture your delight if you see these tiny little creatures of the deep blue sea.