Sucker Fish – Often termed as the pleco or plec, the suckerfish could give a large benefit if you would add it to your aquarium. Hypostomus plecostomus is the scientific name of this kind of fish.
If you are hesitant in caring for it, now is the time to change your mind. This fish could remove algae and a large bit of food floating inside the aquarium.
However, despite its great benefit in cleaning the aquarium, you still need to take well it due to the special needs it has.
If you have seen this fish in the pet shop and bought a 3 inches long of suckerfish, you would be surprised later because it can grow about 24 inches.
In terms of the habitat, the fish needs a large aquarium in order for it not to be stunted. Aside from this, a suckerfish that is left in the small aquarium has the chance to become aggressive to other fishes.
In full adult form, you are required to fill in a large aquarium at least 50 gallons of water. The water inside the aquarium should be 73 to 81 degrees Fahrenheit to assure a stable growth of the fish.
The Food of the Suckerfish
Even a large aquarium would not satisfy the needs of the fish. Since it is a kind of omnivore, it would do the best it could in getting the food inside the aquarium. These could be in the form of algae or any kind of live plants found there.
What are you going to do?
One of the first things to keep it from starving is to give additional algae and shrimp pellets. Another variety of foods you can give are broccoli, fresh lettuce, sweet potato, melon, or cucumber, To prevent these foods from floating, the best way attach it to a small rock by using a rubber band.
Giving additional foods to the fish each evening would assure you of its healthy growth. In each morning, to make sure the water of the aquarium is not dirty, clean it often.
Does it have Friends?
Despite the calm nature of the aquarium suckerfish, you can expect it to be aggressive if the aquarium is already full. It would be hands on in competing in with other fishes if its habitat is overcrowded. It might attack a knife fish, an eel or a rope fish.
This kind of fish is afraid of bright lights. If you would observe the fish is moving around during a bright day, make sure the lights in the aquarium are not that bright. The fish might dig up the soil in the aquarium or eat the plants there if has no hiding place.
In order not to prevent this, it would be good to provide the fish a rock or a cave structure that would be a suitable place for it to hide. This fish is a good jumper. Therefore, you have to make sure to put a lid in your aquarium.
The waste of the freshwater suckerfish could leave the tank a bit murky. Therefore, a regular vacuum cleaning is required.
What is inside the aquarium?
Plecostomus or the Common pleco is often referred to the H. plecostomus. These fishes are being sold during young age but these could grow about 50 centimeters or 20 inches long.
Aside from the suckerfish, there is also the nocturnal catfish. Due to the great ability of it to clean algae, it is often bought at pet shops by many consumers.
The following are amazing sucker fish pictures with a little description for each of suckerfish:
With a brownish and yellowish color, this fish is quite a unique in the color it has together with the size that is medium. The brown color is rarely seen in most of the species of suckerfish. Hence, it would be perfect for your aquarium.
The second picture depicts a white suckerfish that has a white color coupled with striped fins. This is quite small compared to other suckerfish of its kind. However, the unique color of the suckerfish makes it more amazing. Thu, you can see that there is a form of uniqueness in this fish.
Can a Sucker Fish be eaten?
There is a wide variety of suckerfish that could be found in the Great Lake. However, if you are thinking of eating this, you should try to those found in the clean waters. A large number of selection could provide you the assurance of making a good food for the suckerfish.
The fish has a large protein content. Hence, these fish are considered healthy for your body. Hence, you have a full guarantee of having many health benefits for you. The suckerfish is truly remarkable for you to take care of or even made as a food due to the nutrients it has.
Fats and Cholesterol
Did you know that the white sucker fish has around 0.7 cholesterol-raising saturated fat, and it offers 0.3 grams eicosapentaenoic acid, as well as 0.5 grams of docosohexaenoic acid or also known as the DHa.
DHA and EPA are the long chain omega three fats, which comes from the fat in fish that might lower the danger of cardiac death. Furthermore, healthy adults must eat at least 2 servings of seafood every week in order to meet the needed recommendations in the Dietary Guidelines from the US in 2015.
The white sucker fish is also high in cholesterol, along with 65 milligram per serving, and those healthy adults must have no more than 300 milligram every day.
Each serving of 159 grams or at least 6 ounce has around 146 calories, 0 grams carbohydrate and 3.7 grams total fat. Did you know that the white sucker ffish gives 27 grams of high quality proteins? Every serving consist 604 mg of potassium as well as 64 mg of sodium.
On the other hand, low sodium and high potassium diet can aid you limit your blood pressure. The white sucker fish consist 111 mg calcium, or 11% of the daily value, and 3.2 mg vitamin B-12 or 53% of the daily value.
Suggested Consumption of Sucker Fish
According to the University of Wisconsin, a person can consume a fresh water sucker just as you like to eat another type of white fish, like baked, grilled, soups, stews and chowders. You can also freeze the fresh white water sucker for later use, and the organization suggests that freezing it as soon as possible.
Make sure to follow the safety standard precautions for canning to prevent contamination by Clostridium botulinum. One way of eating the fish is thru smoking or bringing.
What are the types of sucker fish?
In case you didn’t know yet, the Suckermouth fish comes from the family Loricariidae, long with some 130 members. The typical pleco is known as the suckermouth fish, which is part of this genus.
Apart from algae, this south American native can eat small crustaceans. It has a tall dorsal fin, and its big head is flat and broad.
Another type of Suckerfish is the otocinclus catfish. This species grows to 2 inches and lives in a highly filtered thirty (30) gallon tank. This fish is gentle and very social and does great in schools. This fish will eat vegetable flake foods or sometimes water whenever algae are scarce.
Chinese Algae Eater
In case you didn’t know yet, Chinese algae eaters have a very slender golden brown along with a dark horizontal stripe. Also called as the honey-sucker or sucking loach, this type of sucker fish grows up to 10 inches long and requires a tank for about 30 gallons, equipped with plants and driftwood to hide in.
Less quiet than another type of sucker fish, this one can get defensive and aggressive as it grows. Further, Chinese Algae Eater eats algae, thus when its tank the clean this needs algae wafers in order to get by.
On the other hand, comes from the loricariidae family of catfish, this armored catfish is covered with bony plates to safeguard them and have sucker mouths.
Commonly they reside in fast-flowing streams in Panama, Costa Rica, and South America. They need driftwood or rock shelters on the tank bottom, enough plants and water, which is highly aerated at the same time, maintains a slight current.
Bushy Nose Pleco
The bristle nose pleco or also known as the bushy nose is one of the most typical algae eaters you can see in the market today. Its stout brown body grows around 4 ½ inches; its face is covered with whisker-like feelers.
They need more of green foods – not just algae, but make sure that you include flake food and blanched veggies. Having a 30-gallon aquarium makes a good home for this type of fish.
The twig catfish or whiptail has a long skinny brown or long nose body covered with plates. It grows to six inches long and resembles a stick. It eats the majority of species and could live in community tanks of fifty (50) gallons or bigger – blood worms supplement or flake food supplement its diet.
Furthermore, this catfish gets along very well with pencil fish, hatchets, and tetras, but barbs and cichlids might try to kill the whiptail.
Gyrinocheilidae Family or the Algae Eaters
Did you know that Gyrinochelidae family of fish is another species of algae eaters? Seen most of the times in the mountain streams in Southeast Asia, such fish have no sectorial mouths for connecting to objects.
Most of the times, 12 inches long and take only algae, thus make good aquarium fish for the tanks of the moderate size.
Minnows and Carps – Cyprinidae Family
This type of sucker fish includes over 3,000 species of carps and minnows who are local to the fresh water of Africa, Eurasia and North America. Further, they have 1 to 3 rows of teeth; however normally not more than 8 teeth altogether. Its lips are normally thought; however, can be sucker-like in particular species.
Suckers – Catostomidae Family
Meanwhile, catostomidae suckerfish is consist of around 80 species. They come from Siberia, China, and North America. The same with other types of fish like carp, it has a row of pharyngeal teeth – about 16 of them.
It also has thick lips on the bottom of its head, which it connects to stones at the bottom of the stream. Apart from algae, it also eats insects, worms, crustaceans and small fish. These type of sucker fish includes small mouth and big mouth position, hog suckers, white suckers, Chinese suckers, and hog suckers.
Siamese Algae Eater
A type of sucker fish that is hardy, has to think black and white stripe is the Siaemese Algae Eater, which a lot of aquarium fanatics insist on having their community tanks. It grows around 6 inches and does very well in a tiny aquarium of about 30 gallons together with rocks and broad-leafed plants.
Further, its water must be highly aerated and maintained between 75 to 79 degrees Fahrenheit. It gets nicely along with other kinds of fish and requires vegetables, pellets, blood worms and food to supplement its algae eating.
Remoras – Echeneidae Family
Last but definitely not the least type of sucker fish is the remoras. Remoras belong to the echeneidae family that has lesser than 10 member species. Typically known as the shark suckers, remoras’ spiny dorsal fins have changed into oval-shaped, flat and serrated sucking plates on top of its heads.
Apart from that, they have slender bodies, pointed teeth with underbite, soft and small dorsal fins. Such underwater fish make use of its sucking plates or its sucking disks to connect to the gills or undersides of bigger fish, rays, sharks as well as sea turtles.
Commonly, they are seen in the Indian, Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. One can encounter those types of fish while diving, and they are often utilized as fishing bait; however, they are not common as aquarium fish.
There you have it, all the essential information you need to know about suckerfish.