Pictus Catfish – Are you aware of what pictus catfish really is? Well, a pictus catfish is a small type of catfish that is most commonly found in Peru, Venezuela, Colombia and Brazil. This is also known as Pimelodus pictus in some areas of the Amazon River and Orinico.
This is sometimes confused with the Synodontis Angelus catfish but they are actually different. As per this type of catfish, this is really a native in Africa.
Where to Find Pictus Catfish?
A Pictus catfish is actually found in the wild areas and in most home aquariums. In the wild, it dwells in the shallow waters and it is usually found in some areas where steady water flow is found over sandy or muddy bottom.
Since this is shoaling specie, it can really be found in the wild mostly in large groups. As far as home aquarium is concerned, this specie usually grows at about five inches of its maximum size. Nevertheless, most of the pictus catfish that could be found in aquariums are large spotted types.
Setting Up of Tank and Housing for Pictus Catfish
When you would want to set up your own home aquarium for a pictus catfish, you must consider the fact that it is shoaling specie. Therefore, you will usually see it in large groups. It rarely grows at such a maximum of five inches. Therefore, you no longer need to worry with the space that it needs.
The minimum size of the tank recommended for those people who want to have their own pictus catfish home aquarium is at about 50 gallons. It is also suggested to keep the specie only in five members in each group or more.
Since pictus catfish is an active fish, you must make more room for it to swim around and for it to feel happier and healthier.
Here is the list of some of the most significant information to consider when you want to set up your own tank for your pictus catfish at home:
- This type of fish species is a native only to warm waters as it is also native to the Amazon River. This is the main reason why you must ensure that the water temperature of the tank reflect such concern. Allow the temperature to be at exactly 70 up to 80 degrees Fahrenheit or 20 to 27 degrees Celsius with a PH set at around 5.5 up to 7.0.
- Also, keep in mind that pictus catfish is a nocturnal type of fish. It is therefore essential to make your own aquarium at home dimly lit in order that it will enjoy and will be happy on their stay inside.
Once you allow the aquarium to be dimly lit, you may as well put some plants and shaded areas for them to hide. Also, consider using artificial rocks, clay pots of plant and driftwood.
There are also low-light types of plants to use inside the aquarium that include Java Moss, hornwort and moss varieties available in your place.
- With regard to the substrate, you may try to imitate the river bed as necessary as possible. Therefore, a sandy substrate can also be optimal. You also need to have the right tools to create water current. Do it as possible as this will give a pictus catfish an impression of it as a natural habitat and not as an ordinary tank.
- In regard with filtration, it is suggested to have the hang on back filter. This is due to the reason that it produces the current that is perfect for a pictus catfish. The fish species is also known to as a notorious eater. Therefore, it produces a huge amount of waste. As you combine this idea along with the nitrate sensitivity, you will understand how essential filtration system is for your pictus catfish.
These are only some of the important things you must consider when you want to set up your tank or home aquarium. As you follow these things, you give your pictus catfish the natural habitat that it most deserved to have.
The Right Pictus Catfish Tank Mates
A pictus catfish is one of the non-aggressive and non-territorial fish species. Thus, you will never experience any problem when you keep it with other fish species at home. You might as well observe that it never hesitate eating smaller fishes when it is already hungry.
A pictus catfish is also known to be a vigorous and fast swimmer. The barbels and fins are also sharp. If you will keep them along with other species of fish that swim at a slow pace, then there might be a problem. Injuries and accidents might also take place.
The sharp barbels of the pictus catfish are also dangerous not only to the other fish species inside the aquarium but also to you. This is also especially if you will transport them from one tank to the other.
Their barbels are long and sharp enough to pierce through your skin. This also possesses venom that will leave with swelling and pain for long hours.
This is the reason that when you try to move pictus catfish from one tank to the other, you must make use of plastic container or something that is smooth. It should never get broken by their sharp barbels. Another thing you also need to have in mind is to avoid using fishing net.
Barbels will only get tangled in the net and will cause harm to the fish in the net while it tries to escape. The amaging pictus catfish barbels or fins would only result to a painful death.
How to Feed Pictus Catfish
Feeding your own pictus catfish at home is not a difficult task just like with all other catfish species. This is due to the reason that they usually eat something near them that fits on their mouth. But, this is a bit dangerous especially to small fishes that are kept around them. This is especially when they are hungry.
In wild areas, this specie is known to be an omnivore as it usually consumes algae, plant matters and invertebrates. This specific diet can already be recreated at home by giving it a healthy diet as if it is living in its natural habitat.
Try to give it a diet that consists of frozen foods, high quality and sinking pellet, daphnia, brine shrimp, black worms and frozen bloodworms. If you search for the best pellet, you may try to choose for New Life Spectrum commonly used by pictus catfish owners.
A pictus catfish can also be fed with live foods. Two of the live foods it eats include cleaned earthworms and black worms. When they search for top dwelling live foods, they also spend time trying out those staples like bloodworms and mosquito larvae.
Pictus Fish Breeding
As of these days, there are no reports with regard to the pictus breeding especially in aquariums. Owners of pictus catfish at home do not observe any specific breeding process on this specie.
This is due to the fact that it finds it difficult to sexually reproduce. This is also even if it is the female pictus catfish that is the larger than the male.
How to Transport Pictus Catfish?
As far as transportation of pictus catfish is concerned, owners also experience difficulty because this specie contains a venomous type of spine that stings or that gives painful effect all over the body when touched.
With this type of venom that is harmless, it will still leave your body with extreme pain that could last for several hours.
The use of nets must as well be avoided when you try to transport pictus catfish. This is because spines are also entangled in the net. This will only cause injury to the fish. It is therefore best to use cup or something with its smooth sides.
Exciting Facts about Pictus Catfish
A pictus catfish is scientifically recognized as a Pimelodus pictus. This tropical specie is still part of the family of Pimelodidae Catfish. Just like all other marine creatures, the female pictus catfish is considered to be really bigger and bulkier than the male counterparts.
Here is the list of some of the most exciting facts about pictus catfish:
1. Special Fish Features
One of the most discerning features of pictus catfish when it has fully grown is that it has its extremely long whiskers or barbels. The barbels are also long just like the body.
This also has its silver and bright coloration with black spots that makes it a welcoming addition to your home aquarium. Apart from that, it is also considered as a vibrant addition to an aquarium due to its head, fin and body reticulations.
Another great thing about this specie is that it has its specified water conditions before it breed. Catfish enthusiast and breeders already have attested the idea that replicating the right condition of this catfish results to a difficult breeding process.
This specie of catfish is looks so very peaceful. Even if it does well in schools with three to five members, it also works just fine with other fishes in the aquarium.
Nevertheless, it sometimes poses threats to smaller fishes. If you want to add pictus catfish on your aquarium, make it sure that it is the smallest fish inside.
3. Big Eaters
This pictus catfish is also known to be a big eater due to its big appetite. Since it is an omnivore, it eats up anything it wants from those pellets that include the small types of fishes. This is also a kind of bottom feeder. It usually chooses leftover foods that sunk at the bottom part of the aquarium.
If you really want to take good care of a pictus catfish, ensure that it eats up only a balanced diet. Since it consumes a huge amount of food, it can also best produce a huge amount of waste.
It is always essential to change water inside the tank on a regular basis. You must also consider using only good and efficient type of filtration system.
4. Specific Conditions of the Tank
With the waste produced by a pictus catfish, the water must be replaced on a regular basis. As required, water pH for pictus catfish tanks must be maintained between 6.5 up to 7.5. The water must also be warm.
The ideal setup of the home aquarium for your pictus catfish include a lot of shaded areas such as driftwoods, plants and rock caves. This will give your pictus catfish an impression of liking and staying in its natural habitat.
5. Handle Them With Care
A pictus catfish is delicate in its very nature. If you try to transport or move it from one place or another, never make use of fishing net. This will only bring harm on the fish.
If you really want to emphasize the best pictus catfish care, try to make use of the best tool to move or transport it. Even your bare hands may not be used as this provides toxins in the body causing pain or swelling.
6. Selecting the Right Tank Mates
Choosing the right tank mates for your pictus catfish is very important to sustain a well-balanced ecosystem in your aquarium. The most preferred type of tank mates for pictus catfish include fast moving fishes that stay in smooth water.
Since these fish species are also active during night time, they can consume small fishes while they are asleep. Slow and small moving fishes will therefore suffer when their hunger strikes. Therefore, you must add them up to tanks only fast- moving and large fishes.
These are only some of the interesting and amazing facts about pictus catfish. As you try to understand all these things, you will already have an idea on how to take good care of your pictus catfish at home. Now, you already have learned more about pictus catfish!